Íospartaigh na Coireachta
In Ireland, victims and victims who become witnesses form an integral part of the criminal justice system. This jurisdiction has a common law system, where the victim is a witness to, but not directly a party in, criminal proceedings. Within its common law system, Ireland is actively pursuing a policy of giving victims a central place in the criminal justice environment, and the position of victims is continually under review. (Common law is generally understood to be 'law by precedent', distinguished from statutory law, which is law created by the Oireachtas.)
In criminal cases, the Director of Public Prosecutions (DPP) prosecutes cases on behalf of the people of Ireland, not on behalf of any one individual (the victim). The DPP prosecutes all serious crimes and some less serious crimes. The Gardaí may also prosecute less serious crimes. Less serious crimes are known as summary offences, while more serious crimes are known as indictable offences. In all criminal cases, the prosecution is taken in the name of the DPP.
The prosecution (DPP) or defence can call anyone who has information about a crime, including the victim, to be a witness at a trial.